Has there already been a noticeable decrease in cervical cancers since the widespread introduction of the HPV vaccine?
No, not yet, although precancerous changes in the cervix have gone down by 17 - 20% after an observation period of just 3 years, see further.From the National Cancer Institute websiteHPV and CancerResearchers believe that it can take between 10 and 30 years from the time of an initial HPV infection until a tumor forms. However, even when severely abnormal cells are seen on the cervix (a condition called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3, or CIN3), these do not always lead to cancer.HPV vaccination started in July 2021. so too short a time to see a decrease in cervical cancer.But an 2021 earlier study Quadrivalent Vaccine against Human Papillomavirus to Prevent High-Grade Cervical Lesions | NEJM after a mean observation period of just three years did already demonstrate a 17% lower incidence when looking for the primary composite end point was cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or 3, adenocarcinoma in situ, or cervical cancer related to HPV-16 or HPV-18, looking at an in total 5305 women in the vaccine group and 5260 in the placebo group who had no virologic evidence of infection with HPV-16 or HPV-18 through 1 month after the third dose (month 7).According to Quadrivalent Vaccine against Human Papillomavirus to Prevent Anogenital Diseases | NEJM in an intention-to-treat analysis, including those with prevalent infection or disease caused by vaccine-type and non–vaccine-type HPV, vaccination reduced the rate of any vulvar or vaginal perianal lesions regardless of the causal HPV type by 34% (95% confidence interval [CI], 15 to 49), and the rate of cervical lesions regardless of the causal HPV type by 20% (95% CI, 8 to 31).So it is already lowering the incidence of potentially precancerous lesions, the full effect will only be seen another ten to twenty years down the line.In many countries including the USA the rates of cervical cancer have been going down a lot, far before HPV vaccination had become available, plateuing from around 2021 onwards, from https://www.immunizepa.org/the-c...and from the CDC USCS Data Visualizations
What documents are needed to open an IRA, can a person with non legal status open an account and will there be any issues at time of withdrawal?
The document you need to open an IRA is the trust agreement (or custodial agreement) that meets the requirements for an Individual Retirement Account. Some IRA trustees will have their own agreements, some will use the IRS model (Form 5305), and some will use a modified version of the model. But you have to have a qualifying trust agreement (or custodial agreement) or else you don't have an IRA.Beyond that, the documents needed are whatever documents might be needed for the particular investments that are being made.I have no idea what you mean by "a person with non-legal status". If you mean an unauthorized Trustee (such as if you wanted to be trustee of your own IRA), then whatever you open could not be an IRA in the first place. If you mean someone who for some reason is just ineligible to open an IRA, then they cannot open an IRA. If you mean someone who is just ineligible to deduct a contribution, then they could still be eligible to make a nondeductible contribution (not a Roth) and only the earnings would be taxable when withdrawn. If you mean domething else, then you have to be more specific.
When does the ISM (IIT) Dhanbad session begin?
please visit ISM website Page on ismdhanbad.ac.in select admission tab select JEE here you will get all information regarding admission process and documents required. The admission will be carried out f0r the courses as followsCode Course Name No. ofStudentsDate ofAdmissionS-4110 4 Yr. B.Tech Computer Science & Engineering 10327.07.2015atSTUDENTACTIVITYCENTRE(SAC)623STUDENTSS-4111 4 Yr. B.Tech Electrical Engineering 92S-4114 4 Yr. B.Tech Electronics & Communication Engg. 92S-4125 4 Yr. B.Tech Mechanical Engineering 103S-4130 4 Yr. B.Tech Mining Engineering 92S-4134 4 Yr. B.Tech Petroleum Engineering 65S-4142 4 Yr. B.Tech Electronics & Instrumentation Engg. 40S-5216 B. Tech Computer Science Engg + M. TechComputer Science & Engineering (5 Yr. DualDegree)18S-5247 B. Tech Mining Engineering + M. Tech MiningEngineering (5 Yr. Dual Degree)18S-4107 4 Yr. B.Tech Chemical Engineering 4028.07.2015atSTUDENTACTIVITYCENTRE(SAC)312STUDENTSS-4109 4 Yr. B.Tech Civil Engineering 40S-4117 4 Yr. B.Tech Engineering Physics 22S-4119 4 Yr. B.Tech Environmental Engineering 40S-4129 4 Yr. B.Tech Mineral Engineering 45S-4131 4 Yr. B.Tech Mining Machinery Engineering 40S-5246 B Tech+M. Tech Mineral Engg (5 Yr. Dual Degree) 15S-5305 Mathematics & Computing (5 Yr. Intg. M Tech.) 40S-5306 Applied Geology (5 Yr. Intg. M. Tech.) 15S-5307 Applied Geophysics (5 Yr. Intg. M.Tech.) 15NOTE :1. The admission process will start at 9.00 AM and continue till 5.00 PM every day.2. Admission to the above mentioned disciplines will be held on the specified datesFees:The amount of fees payable for General/OBC category candidate is Rs.67,700/- and that belonging toSC/ST category candidates is Rs.27,700/- for the Monsoon Semester. The fee includes the hostel feeexcept boarding (mess charge). The current mess charge is approximately Rs 15000/- per semester,which will be borne by students and paid in advance for the entire year i.e. Rs. 30,000/- for first yearstudents. Student shall deposit the amount to the Warden of the concerned hostel through a DemandDraft (ONLY) drawn in favour of the ‘Jasper Hostel’ payable at Dhanbad (for Boys) and ‘RubyHostel’ payable at Dhanbad (for girls). No student will be allowed to stay in the hostel unless he/shepays the mess charges to the Warden of the concerned hostel at the time of admission.Since all the candidates have paid the seat acceptance fee of Rs.45,000/-(General/OBC) or Rs.20,000/- (SC/ST) at the time of seat acceptance, General/OBC students are requested to bring ademand draft of Rs. 22,700/- and SC/ST students are requested to bring a demand draft of Rs.7,700/- made in favour of ‘REGISTRAR, INDIAN SCHOOL OF MINES, DHANBAD ’payable at Dhanbad drawn on State Bank of India, ISM Dhanbad (Branch code 01641). PwDcandidates will be paying the fees of their respective categories.B) Following documents are to be SUBMITTED at the time of Admission:A print out of the course allotment letter from JoSAA.The original admit card of JEE (Advanced)-2015. (Please keep 3 extra photocopies with you)One set of self certified copies of Marks Sheets & Certificates of 1Oth & lO+2 Examinations.Self certified copy of photo identity card. (Aadhar CardlYoter ID/Passport/Driving License orany other Govt. issued photo identity cardOriginal Transfer Certificate/College or School Leaving Certificate/Migration Certificate.Four copies of passport size photographs as given in JEE (Advanced)-2021 application.Duly filled medical examination form (as per the IIT-JEE format (Annexure 8)) signed by aRegistered medical practitioner employed in a Government Hospital.Duly filled -in attached Student Registration Form.Duly filled-in Insurance Declaration Form (in duplicate).Duly filled-in Identity Card form.Duly filled-in Library form.Affidavit by the candidate and his/her parents/guardians duly signed before Notary (requiredto be submitted to the respective hostel warden at the time of allotment of hostelaccommodation) a Demand draft of Rs. 30,000/- in favour of Jasper Hostel, Dhanbad/ RubyHostel, Dhanbad (required to be submitted to the concerned hostel warden)Filled in form for sliding up (OPTIONALXWLL BE USED IF NEED ARISES)Proof of payment of seat acceptance fee of Rs. 45,OOOl-or Rs. 20,000i- as applicable.C) Following documents (ORIGINAL) are to be produced at the time ofadmission for verification only:Proof of Identity (Aadhar CardlVoter ID/Passport/Driving License or any other Govt. issuedphoto identity card)Class X (High School) Board Certificate/ Any other certificate as proof of date of birth.(Thecandidate's date of bir"th should notbebefore October 1, 1990 for GE/OBC and October l,1985 for SC/ST & PwD candidate).Marks Sheet and certificate of passing 10+2 as proof of eligibility criteria. (Passed qualifyingexamination should be on or after 2021 and candidates should be within the 20-percentile oftheir respective Class XII boards OR should have 75o/o [GEN, OBC-NCL] or 70Yo [SC, ST,PwD] aggregate marks, irrespective of whether they completed Class XII in 2021 or 2015.Certificate of category IOBC (NCL)/SC/STiPwD] issued by the competent authority in theprescribed format onl], issued after 1't June,2Ol4. The format of the certificates are availablein the information brochure of JEE (Advanced) -2021 (Failure to produce category certificateas per required format will render the candidate ineligible for the current allotted seat).Candidates are advised to bring latest PA view XRay of chest with proper identification markalongwith report of Hb, TC, DC, ESE of Blood and Blood Group for medical examination.6) Physical disability certificate for PwD Candidates, only acceptable in the format set by JEE(Advanced
How was your interview experience for NPCIL and BARC?
After missing the train from Delhi, somehow I managed to arrive at interview venue on the same day of my interview. My GATE 2021 rank (AIR-1244, Score-591) was not good so I was little bit depressed also, as BARC was the only chance which I had then.Fortunately, one of my college friend also had interview on the same day. I used his room for refreshment. After document verification I went to the battle ground (11th floor of NBH). There my chance came in the second half of the day i.e. around 3 p.m. I didn't discuss any question with earlier candidates, as I had assumed that I wouldn't get selected.My turn came...Me- May I come in sir?Chairman- Yes, you may.They asked me to sit. As I mentioned earlier that I had assumed, I won't be selected here, so my mind was free. Still a little nervousness was there as it was my only chance for the year.Chairman- You are looking very tired?Me- I told him the story of my missing train.Chairman- Ohk, we won't ask you too much questions, as you are looking very tired. Write down your favorite subjects.Me- I wrote down Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Heat transfer, and RAC. One thing you should notice that I didn't write Heat & Mass transfer, because my senior suggested me not to write Mass transfer as they ask mass transfer very rigorously.Chairman- Asked one of his committee member to proceed with thermodynamics. In the mean time he was studying my resume, mark-sheet & all.Member-1- Which type of compressor consumes minimum work? Isothermal, adiabatic, or isentropic?Me- Promptly said Isothermal.Member-1- Prove it?Me- I made the P-V curve, and calculated the area under the curve. Hence proved.Member-1- Physically prove it.Me- I have taken some time, write equation of 1st law of thermodynamics, then give my answer that in isothermal the work is consumed only to raise the pressure, while in adiabatic, some work has consumed to raise the temperature also.Member-1- Good.This word gave me too much confidence. Now, I was playing on front foot. After this from thermodynamics various questions were asked on Rankine cycle and Brayton cycle.Then comes the heat transfer topic. Member2 had already written some questions on A4 sheet related to temperature profile of a cylindrical body with insulation. I made the profile, in each profile he asked me the reason for that type of nature of the curve, I proved many of them. Member-2 was also asking the questions related to RAC, he asked me to explain the Vapor compression refrigeration cycle. I explained and also made many mistakes, each time chairman corrected me, and motivated me. My engg project was in RAC, so I explained that also. This gave me some edge.They didn't ask too much from FM, simple questions are there related to buoyancy forces, pipe losses, Hagen–Poiseuille equation etc.Chairman- You have written all the subjects related to thermal only, we want to ask from design also.Me- Ohk sir.Member-3 was ready with questions from strength of material. Questions related to SFD and BMD are very important. She asked me to draw the SFD, BMD of various load combination. I have drawn almost all of them. She again asked to draw me the shear stress distribution for I-section, after I made the distribution she added another difficulty that, can we use it like H-section, and also justify your answer. After getting hints and motivation from chairman, somehow I made some justification.Then comes the question of chairman, he asked questions from shaft design. I have answered all the questions of chairman.Chairman- Ohk young man, you can leave now.Me- Thank You sir.It was 4:30 p.m when I came outside. I have spend 1.5 hrs inside and didn't fell that. After removing my tie and folding my shirts, I moved toward the lift for going home.Suddenly, a voice came that chairman is calling you again. I was afraid, because I didn't want to face them again. But, life changing moment was waiting for me.Chairman- Well done Nirmal, you are most probably selected. And gave me the white slip.Me- Thank you sir.I was not expecting this. I was crying there. That was the best moment of my life. My hard work paid me. I got very good grades in interview.After submitting some documents in HBNI, me and 6 more selected students of the day were officially given a tour around the barc trombay campus. After all these stuff I called my father and gave him the good news. First he didn't know that I was in Mumbai for interview, then he also didn't know too much about BARC and job related to BARC.Finally, I boarded the train for home without ticket in general boggy. I couldn't sleep whole night, as I was not believing that I have got selectd.Some suggestions from my experience-1) Don't go inside with too much expectations. As it may bind you.2) Try to make an honest attempt to all the questions, because these are the questions from your favourite subjects not of the interviewer.3) They will definitely give you hints whenever required. So try to make something from their hints. They are very supportive.4) Questions asked by chairman is important, so listen the questions carefully and answer with school level concept I.e don't go in advance level.5) Don't use unnecessary new terminologies while answering a question, this may lead you into the new topic.Keep calm and play your game.All the best Note- I am little bit slow in English. You will understand after reading my answer. Apologize.Edit-1: I have mistakenly written more work instead of minimum work in my first question.;"";""